Friday, December 24, 2021

Pax Vobiscum

Beekeepers are science people. Everyday, they practice applied honey bee biology. Successful beekeepers apply both the craft of beekeeping passed down for generations by those who handled bees and the science of honey bee health. The science is our understanding of the life cycle and nature of honey bees and their pests and pathogens based upon observations and experiments. Our understanding of the science is not fixed; it changes as more observations are made and new experiments are designed, conducted, and repeated. Successful American beekeepers adjust their beekeeping practices to help their bees survive the adverse effects of viruses vectored by two invasive parasitic mite species that arrived in the mid-1980s and an invasive hive-scavenger beetle introduced in the late-1990s. Those who do not take measures to combat these invasive species see their bee colonies die. As colonies decline before dying, they spread pests and pathogens to other hives.


Beekeepers, and the public at large, are continuing to cope with Covid-19 virus, which continues to mutate into new variants. Now, within two years of Covid’s introduction into the human population, the U.S. has confirmed over 800,000 deaths. Individuals who do not take precautions to avoid the virus are likely to acquire a deadly disease. Fortunately, we have learned much about the nature of the novel Covid-19 virus and how it is passed between people via aerosol droplets. We have effective vaccinations, and we know that we can greatly limit the spread of Covid by wearing masks, sanitizing hands, and keeping a distance between people. Just as we can protect our bee colonies by controlling the parasitic mites and their vectored viruses, we can protect ourselves, our families, and our community by taking measures to prevent the spread of the Covid virus. Almost everyone knows someone who has been affected by the Covid virus. I look forward to meeting beekeepers at our training events in the coming year. The Underhill family of Peace Bee Farm wish everyone: Peace be with you.



  1. До 20 % грудных детей имеют аллергию на один или несколько продуктов, чаще всего на коровье молоко, но с возрастом число детей с пищевой аллергией сокращается, так что пищевой аллергией страдают 6 % детей старшего возраста, 4 % подростков и 1–2 % взрослых.
    Источник 1
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    Переходя к описанию истинной пищевой аллергии, следует отметить, что практически все продукты питания в той или иной степени обладают различной степенью антигенности, исключая соль и сахар. Аллергические реакции могут вызывать и добавленные к пищевым продуктам химические вещества (антиоксиданты, красители, консерванты, ароматические и другие вещества). Антигенные свойства изучены более или менее полно у продуктов, вызывающих аллергию чаще других.
    Белковые продукты
    Наиболее выражены сенсибилизирующие свойства у продуктов белкового происхождения, как животных, так и растительных.

    1. Stacy Baker's comment from Google Translate:
      Up to 20% of infants are allergic to one or more foods, most commonly cow's milk, but the number of children with food allergies decreases with age, so food allergies affect 6% of older children, 4% of adolescents, and 1–2% of adults. Source 1 Source 2 Source 3 Source 4 Source 5 Turning to the description of a true food allergy, it should be noted that almost all foodstuffs, to one degree or another, have varying degrees of antigenicity, except for salt and sugar. Allergic reactions can also be caused by chemicals added to foods (antioxidants, dyes, preservatives, aromatics and other substances). Antigenic properties have been studied more or less completely in products that cause allergies more often than others. Protein products The most pronounced sensitizing properties are in products of protein origin, both animal and vegetable.

  2. Jajaja Iba a decir que parece la NASA y fijándome bien me di cuenta que realmente ES LA NASA.
    Saludos desde Valencia, Venezuela